The civil war was fought in the United States, beginning in the year1861 until 1865, following a Confederate surrender. The civil war was in other words, known as War Between the States. This was after the tension that simmered for decades between the southern and northern states ( History.com Editors, 2021). The civil war marked the deadliest and costliest conflict ever fought on American land. During the war, 620,000 soldiers out of the 2.4 million soldiers in the war were killed. Millions of others were killed, and a greater part of the southern states was ruined.