The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with an opportunity to do an independent, in-depth study of a specific issue, case, struggle or debate that relates to the relationship between specific social identities (specifically those on the basis of class, race, indigeneity and gender) and the politics of citizenship. In addition to the expectation of independent research on a topic of your choice, the assignment also requires an analysis that links your topic to some relevant topics and readings we address in the course.For your research, you are expected to use a minimum of four independent sources (of an academic quality) outside the Required Readings lists, on your specific topic. Your independent sources may be based on your own research and/or a selection of relevant readings from the Recommended Readings lists in the syllabus. These sources (articles or books) should be of an academic quality (published in academic journals or by academic publishers). You may, if you choose, also use popular sources and internet materials to supplement the information. However, these kinds of sources should be used only to complement, rather than to replace academic sources.In addition, you are expected to make relevant and meaningful references to a minimum of five substantive, course readings from the Required Readings lists provided for each week. “Substantive” readings are the longer articles or chapters that are of a scholarly nature. These references are needed for the interpretation and analysis of the case, or to make connections or comparisons between the cases and issues studied in the course and your topic of focus in the paper. You can, of course, also use the shorter readings (from the media and/or the internet) from the weekly Required Readings lists. However, these references should be in addition to, not to replace, the references to substantive, scholarly readings. Please remember that it is the quality (the relevance and the thoughtfulness) of the references rather than their number that matters. Make sure that you provide thoughtful and engaged references to relevant course readings. Avoid short, superficial references to course material or quotations that are not contextualized, explained and integrated into the discussion.If the essay is focusing on a news story, debate or struggle over citizenship, it should start with or include a summary description (approximately two-three pages) of the issue, case, struggle or debate you are writing about. This should be followed with an analysis. Instead of separating the descriptive and analytical parts of the essay, you may alternatively choose to blend these sections together. Whereas the description of the case may rely mostly on outside sources, the analysis should be based on relevant course readings, as well as relevant information in the outside sources.In the introduction to your essay, clearly explain the focus of the essay, define a/some research question(s), and describe how the essay is organized. The body of the essay should develop an argument and support it with empirical material and/or logical argumentation.Your essay will be marked in terms of the following criteria:· Quality of your independent research· Thoughtfulness and reflectiveness of the analysis· Ability to engage with and make links to questions of citizenship, to relevant course themes, readings and lecture materials· Quality and clarity of writing, organization, and referencingIn your essay writing, it is best to assume that your reader is a generally educated person, but one who may not know anything/much on the topic you are writing about. Your responsibility as an author of the essay, therefore, is to “educate” the reader in this area. This would mean that the essay provides a step-by-step discussion of the topic, carefully defining and elaborating on the concepts used, theories/argument introduced; and providing sufficient empirical, theoretical and logical support for your arguments.Referencing:Please use APA or Harvard style referencing.In the text, please cite page numbers not just for quotations, but also any specific arguments or factual material from a reading.I WILL PLACE A LIST OF REQUIRED READING LIST BELOW (MUST USE 5 OF THIS IN THE ESSAY)Required Readings, Viewing and Listening:Timothy Stanley. “Whose Public? Whose Memory? Racisms, Grand Narratives, and Canadian History” (pp. 32-49) in Ruth W. Sandwell (Ed.) To the Past: History Education, Public Memory and Citizenship in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006.Sunera Thobani. “Introduction: Of Exaltation” (pp. 3-29) and “Founding a Lawful Nation” (Ch. 1) (pp. 33-64) in Exalted Subjects: Studies in the Making of Race and Nation in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.Anne Spice. “As an Indigenous Professor, Egerton Ryerson’s Name Haunts Me” Globe and Mail, May 11, 2021 https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/article-as-an-indigenous- professor-egerton-ryersons-name-haunts-me/Patrice Dutil. “If Ryerson Falls Then Everything Must Go” (opinion) National Post, June 8, 2021 https://nationalpost.com/opinion/patrice-dutil-if-ryerson-falls-then-everything-must-goAudio: CBC Radio, Ontario Today. “Is Toppling Ryerson Statue a Step Toward Truth and Reconciliation” June 9, 2021 https://www.cbc.ca/listen/live-radio/1-45-ontario- today/clip/15848564-is-toppling-ryerson-statue-step-toward-truth-reconciliationShort Video: “Is This the End for Colonial Era Statues?” Guardian, June 19, 2020 https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2020/jun/19/is-this-the-end-for-colonial-era-statues- racism-slavery-black-lives-matter-videoEND OF LISTRecommended Readings: (ADDING THESE HERE JUST IN CASE PLS DONT USE ALL OF THESE FOR THE 4 INDEPENDENT SOURCES THOSE MUST BE SCHOLARLY YOU CAN USE 1 2.Journal of Critical Race Inquiry, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2016. Articles in the Special Issue on “Contested Histories of Racialization and the Legacies of Sir John A. MacDonald”. Available online through https://ojs.library.queensu.ca/index.php/CRI/issue/view/582Andrew Baldwin, Laura Cameron, and Audrey Kobayashi “Introduction: Where is the Great White North? Spatializing History, Historicizing Whiteness” (pp. 1-15) in Rethinking the Great White North. UBC, 2011.Carol Bacchi. Liberation Deferred? The Ideas of the English-Canadian Suffragettes, 1877-1918. University of Toronto Press, 1983 (Especially, the Introduction).Marusya Bociurkiw. Feeling Canadian: Television, Nationalism and Affect. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2011.Janine Brodie. “Three Stories of Canadian Citizenship” (pp. 43-66) in Robert Adamoski, Dorothy E. Chunn and Robert Menzies (Eds.) Contesting Canadian Citizenship: Historical Readings. Broadview Press, 2002.Veldon Coburn. “Why are the Deaths of Indigenous Women and Girls Ungrievable?” Policy Options, June 11, 2019. https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/june-2019/why-are-the-deaths- of-indigenous-women-and-girls-ungrievable/Rupert Cornwell. “Students in the US are demanding Slavery Reparations from Their Universities. But How Much can Modern Institutions Give?” Independent, April 30, 2016. http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/america-s-universities-must-face-up-to-their-slave- owning-past-a7007986.htmlMargot Francis. Creative Subversions : Whiteness, Indigeneity, and the National Imaginary. University of British Columbia Press, 2011.Hester Lessard, Rebecca Johnson and Jeremy Webber (Eds.) Storied Communities: Narratives of Contact and Arrival in Constituting Political Community. Vancouver, Toronto: University of British Columbia Press, 2011.Eva Mackey. “Introduction: Unsettling Differences: Origins, Methods, Frameworks” (pp. 1-22) in The House of Difference: Cultural Politics and National Identity in Canada. University of Toronto Press, 2002.“Mi’kmaq Elder Calls Harper’s ‘Old Stock Canadians’ Offensive and Racist” CBC Radio, As It Happens, Sept. 18, 2015 http://www.cbc.ca/radio/asithappens/as-it-happens-friday-edition- 1.3233965/mi-kmaq-elder-calls-harper-s-old-stock-canadians-offensive-and-racist-1.3233970 Audio:http://www.cbc.ca/radio/popup/audio/player.html?autoPlay=true&clipIds=2675819720& mediaIds=2675819763Eugenia Sojka (Ed). (De)Constructing Canadianness: Myth of the Nation and its Discontents. Wydawa Publishers, Poland, 2007.